CITRINE This sunny and warm colored gemstone was named after the French word citrin and latin citrus, meaning “lemon colored, yellow”. Citrine gemstones are in fact prized for their lemon yellow and orange hues. This vibrant and joyful gem will provide the much needed burst of sunshine for this early winter month, when temperature goes down and sun shines less. Citrine is one of the most positive gemstones. With its joyful yellow color it’s the stone of happiness and optimistic energy. It gives vitality and health whenever needed. Creative people should wear it as it stimulates creativity and imagination. Perfect for a business minded person as it increases self-confidence and leadership, which leads to success, abundance and prosperity. Citrines are popular and affordable gemstones, easily found on the market. Due to its rarity, most citrine gems on the market nowadays come from the heat treatment on some quartz variety, like the purple amethyst. This kind of treatment brings out the most beautiful golden hue in the gemstone and makes it one of the most requested. With a hardness of 7 on the Mohs’ scale, citrine is considered a long lasting and strong gemstone, perfectly worn over a big size ring. Citrine’s biggest sources are Bolivia, Spain, Madagascar, Mexico and Brazil. TOPAZ Topaz can range in color from colorless to blue, champagne, yellow, orange, red and pink up to the Imperial Topaz which is the rarest and most prized variety. Blue Topaz instead are widely available and popular on the market, the color is often the result from a specific heating or irradiation treatment on colorless topaz which brings out the most beautiful intense blue. Warm orange topaz is mainly associated with the month of November. In fact this early month of winter is very much linked to the concept of warmth and nourishing. As a birthstone, this gem is said to provide balance between emotions and helps having a harmonious lifestyle. In the ancient Egypt the yellow variety of Topaz was associated with the God of sun because of its intense fiery color, and was also known for bringing power to protect and heal. You can still find this stone in ancient and historical artifacts. Topaz is mostly found in Brazil. Other sources include Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Russia, Australia, Nigeria, Germany, Mexico, and the US. Measuring 8 on the Mohs’ scale, topaz is a very hard and long lasting gemstone. Its perfect cleavage can make it prone to chipping or cracking, but if correctly cut, topaz makes very wearable and durable jewelry.